Join over 19,000 others and become a member of - it's free!

join for free

6th Sep 2023: Quizzes fixed, thanks for your patience.

This site is written by

victoria Williams Music Theory

Victoria Williams

LmusTCL BA Mus (Hons) MISM

Learn more...

book cover notes


We have 2877 guests and 6 members online

Video Courses by MyMusicTheory

Please note: this website is not run by the ABRSM and is a completely independent business.

Get the MyMusicTheory Course Book

Grade 6 Course

Next UK ABRSM Paper-based Theory Exams Grades 6-8:
Sat 17th June 2023 [Grades 1-5 now available online on demand]
Next UK Trinity Paper-based Theory Exams Grades 1-8 & diplomas:
from Sat 4th Nov 2023

Browse by Music Grade: Grade 1 | Grade 2 | Grade 3 | Grade 4 | Grade 5 | Grade 6 | Grade 7 | Grade 8 | DiplomasWhat Grade am I?

bs6Download this Grade 6 Music Theory Course or buy the Printed Book Version

Buy Grade 6 Theory Past Papers

Get some help!

C5. Keys - Exercises

Grade 6 Music Theory C5 - Keys - Exercises

 Move your mouse slowly over the light bulbs and staves (tap on mobile devices) to reveal the answers.


1. Look at the following 8-bar piano piece and answer the questions below. (Click on the play button to listen to it).




a. Which two keys are represented by this key signature? music theory answer

b. Label the chords in bars 1 and 2 using Roman numerals (e.g. I, ii)  in both of these keys. music theory answer

c. Which of the two keys uses mostly chords I and V? music theory answer

d. What key does the piece start in and why? music theory answer

e. Which accidental is introduced in bars 4-5? music theory answer

f. Which scale uses the sharp in the key signature plus this new accidental? music theory answer

g. Label the chords in bars 4-6 using Roman numerals in this new key. music theory answer

h. What is the relationship between the opening key and this new key? (e.g. tonic-dominant, relative major/minor etc.) music theory answer

i. Which accidentals are used in bars 7-8? music theory answer

j. Complete the notes used in bars 7-8 in ascending order, starting from B.  What key is this scale and which note is missing? music theory answer


k. Label the chords in bars 7-8 in this new key. music theory answer

l. What is the relationship between the key used in bars 3-6 and the key used in bars 7-8? music theory answer

m. Complete the following analysis of the key of the piece: This piece starts in ____music theory answer____, passes through ____music theory answer_____ and finally modulates to ____music theory answer_____.



2. Analyse the keys used in the following excerpts. Ask yourself the same kind of questions as you saw in exercise 1 to help you:

  • Which keys use these sharps/flats?
  • Do these notes belong to chords I (or i) and V or to more "obscure" chords?
  • Do these notes make up most of any particular scale?
  • Is this new key closely connected to the previous key? (Close relationships are Tonic-Dominant, Tonic-Subdominant and Relative Major - Minor)


a. Schumann - Soldier's March, for piano


This piece starts in ____music theory answer____,  and modulates to  ____music theory answer____.  



b. Pergolesi - Allegro from Sonata no.7 in E, for piano


This piece starts in ____music theory answer____,  and modulates to  ____music theory answer____.


c. Saint Saëns - Oboe Sonata, First movement.  (You can also listen to the piece on Youtube.)





This excerpt starts in ____music theory answer____,  at bar 14 passes briefly through ____music theory answer____ and then modulates to ____music theory answer_____ by the end.



d. Beethoven - Symphony no.1, First movement bars 13-26 (Allegro con Brio section). (You can also listen on Youtube: link automatically starts at this section).



This section starts in ____music theory answer____,  and modulates to ____music theory answer____ after about 6 bars. The chord in bars 25-26 is the dominant 7th (V7) chord in the key of ____music theory answer_____.


(Full scores for the Saint-Saëns and Beethoven can be found at



now on amazon topbanner normalamazon logo