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15. Instruments of the Orchestra Exercises

Grade Five Music Theory Lesson 15: Instruments of the Orchestra Exercises

 

Move your mouse slowly over the light bulb (tap on mobile devices) to reveal the answers.

 

 General Knowledge Questions on the Standard Orchestral Instruments

 

1. Underline one of the following instruments which could play a piece of flute music so that it sounds at the same pitch:

Trombone - Timpani - Violin - French Horn

violin

 

2. Now name the family of standard orchestral instruments to which the instrument you have underlined belongs and state its lowest-sounding member.

Family ___________________ Instrument _________________

String family: Double Bass

 

3. Underline one of the following instruments which could play a piece of clarinet music so that it sounds at the same pitch:

Tuba - Viola - Oboe - Trumpet

trumpet

 

4. Now name the family of standard orchestral instruments to which the instrument you have underlined belongs and state its lowest-sounding member.

Family ___________________ Instrument _________________

Family: Brass       Instrument: Tuba

 

5. Underline one of the following instruments which could play a piece of cello music so that it sounds at the same pitch:

Bassoon - Cymbals - Viola - Clarinet

 Bassoon

 

6. Now name the family of standard orchestral instruments to which the instrument you have underlined belongs and state its highest-sounding member.

Family ___________________ Instrument _________________

Family: Woodwind               Instrument: Flute (or Piccolo)

 

7. Write the instruments given below in the correct order from lowest to highest.

Trombone - Tuba - Trumpet - French Horn

Tuba - Trombone - French Horn - Trumpet

 

8. Write the voices given below in the correct order from lowest to highest.

Alto - Bass - Mezzo soprano - Baritone - Tenor - Soprano

Bass - Baritone - Tenor - Alto - Mezzo-soprano - Soprano

 

9. Name a standard orchestral instrument that normally uses the bass clef and state the family to which it belongs.

Instrument __________________ Family _______________________

All of these answers are correct:       Bassoon - Woodwind       Cello/Double Bass - String       Trombone/Tuba - Brass

 

10. Name a standard orchestral instrument that normally uses the alto clef and state the family to which it belongs.

Instrument ___________________ Family _______________________

Instrument: Viola        Family: String

 

11. Name a standard orchestral instrument that normally uses the treble clef and state the family to which it belongs.

Instrument ___________________ Family _______________________

All of these answers are correct:       Flute/Clarinet/Oboe - Woodwind       Violin - String       Trumpet/French Horn - Brass

 

12. Name the highest sounding member of each family of instruments:

Woodwind _____________ Strings _______________ Brass ________________

Woodwind: Flute (or Piccolo)             Strings: Violin             Brass: Trumpet

 

13. Name the lowest sounding member of each family of instruments:

Woodwind _____________ Strings _______________ Brass ________________

Woodwind: Bassoon             Strings: Double Bass             Brass: Tuba

 

14. Name two double-reed instruments.

Woodwind: Bassoon             Strings: Double Bass             Brass: Tuba

 

15. Which of these instruments is unpitched?

Xylophone - French Horn - Gong - Oboe

Woodwind: Bassoon             Strings: Double Bass             Brass: Tuba

 

16. Complete the following statements:

  • The clarinet is a member of the woodwind family of standard orchestral instruments.
  • The member of that family next in pitch above the clarinet is the (1)_______________ and it normally uses the (2)______________ clef.
  • The string family is another family of standard orchestral instruments and its lowest-sounding member is the (3)_________________.
  • The member of the string family next in pitch above the cello is the (4)_______________ and it normally uses the (5)_____________ clef.

 (1) Oboe                 (2) Treble                 (3) Double Bass                 (4) Viola                 (5) Alto

  

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