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victoria Williams Music Theory

Victoria Williams

LmusTCL BA Mus (Hons) MISM

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3. Keys, Scales & Technical Names Exercises

Grade 4 Music Theory Lesson 3: Keys, Scales and Technical Names of Notes - Exercises

Move your mouse slowly over the lightbulb or staves (tap on mobile devices) to reveal the answers. 

Technical Names of Notes

1. Give the technical name (tonic, dominant, etc) of:

  1. the note C in A minor  answers
  2. the note C# in C# major answers
  3. the note D in G major answers
  4. the note Eb in C minor  answers
  5. the note E in D major answers
  6. the note E# in F# minor answers
  7. the note F in Ab major  answers
  8. the note F# in A major  answers
  9. the note G in D minor  answers
  10. the note Ab in C minor  answers
  11. the note A in G major answers
  12. the note Bb in Eb major  answers
  13. the note B# in C# minor answers


2. Name the note which is:

  1. the dominant in B minor answers
  2. the tonic in Bb major answers
  3. the submediant in F minor answers
  4. the leading note in A minor answers
  5. the supertonic in F# minor answers
  6. the subdominant in C major answers
  7. the mediant in Bb minor answers



1. Complete the following table

  0 1 2 3 4 5
Major key with no. sharps: C G D A E B
Minor key with no. sharps: A E B F# C# G#
Major key with no. flats: C F Bb Eb Ab Db
Minor key with no. flats: A D G C F Bb



2. Name the major and minor keys which use these key signatures:

key sigs 0 0key sigs 0 1key sigs 0 2key sigs 0 3key sigs 0 4key sigs 0 5



1. Write out one octave of the following scales in semibreves, using a key signature and accidentals where necessary:


a) B minor harmonic ascending

scale 1


b) B major descending

scale 2


c) C minor melodic descending

scale 3


d) G# minor harmonic descending

scale 4


e) Db major ascending

scale 5


f) Bb minor melodic ascending

scale 6


g) F# minor harmonic ascending

scale 7



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